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Široki Brijeg

Široki Brijeg

Bosnia and Herzegovina


Široki Brijeg (About this sound pronunciation is a city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the West Herzegovina Canton, a unit of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. During the Yugoslavia, the city was known as Lištica.

The name of the city means "wide hill". It is sometimes referred to as Široki Brig or simply Široki ("wide"). Between 1945 and 1990, the town was officially called Lištica, after the river that flows through it.

The river Lištica runs through Široki Brijeg.
The town is 20–25 km from Mostar,
42 km (26 mi) from Međugorje,
88 km (55 mi) from the Adriatic coast

The center of town is at 270 m above sea level, while its area is known as "lower Herzegovina". Almost the entire northern part of the municipality itself, however, belongs to "high Herzegovina", the highest point being the Bile stine ("White Rocks") near Donji Crnač.

he wider area of the municipality of Široki Brijeg is located on the characteristic, complex structural forms known as the "high karst zone" in geologic terms. The basic characteristic is the rocky limestone relief in various karst forms (sinks, caves, sinkholes, karst fields, etc.), as well as deeply cut valleys with occasional torrents flows. The Široki Brijeg area is located on the direction of tectonic units Rakitno-Hrgud and spreads over Rakitno, Vardi mountains, Mostarsko Blato, Rotimlje and Hrgud to Trebišnjica in the southeast. The area is made-up of up late Jurassic sediments, followed by Cretaceous and Paleogene age layers, then Neogene and Quaternary deposits. Highlights are early Cretaceous dun, well stratified limestone and dolomites. Late Cretaceous deposits, cenoman-turon, are represented by white and pink, massive limestone with the shoot. In Paleogenic layers function Liburnijska and alveolinic-nummulitic limestones, then eocenic flysch, which is represented by marl, sandstone, calcarenite and conglomerates.

Neogenic layers are built of marl, sandy clay, sandstone and conglomerates, and can be found in the vicinity of Grabovo Drage and Mostarsko Blato. Quaternary banks of pebbles, sand and water karst saturated found on almost all rocky fields and drifts along the river beds. Between the lower mountain Vardi, Gvozd, Rujan and Trtle (altitude 600-900m) is a karstic depression Kočerinsko, Trnsko, Mokarsko and Ruževo field and Mostar Blato (altitude of 220-300m). Široki Brijeg area belongs to typical bauxite courts Lokve Black - Kidačke Njive, Resnica - deposit and Uzarići - Knešpolje. This area was devastated shoot landfills and tailings, and rehabilitation requirements.


Ancient period
The ruins from the Illyrian period confirm that the area of Široki Brijeg had a large population in pre-historic times. The evidence can be seen on the hill Gradina on the frontier of Mokri and Čerigaj. There is also evidence on the walls of the forts where they had been in past. During the ancient period there was plenty of life in that region. From the Roman period there are remains of a fort (refugium) in the village of Biograci and a basilica in Mokri; there are remain of the forts and roads there.

Middle ages
Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos mentions that Mokriskik was in that area[citation needed]. The basilica in Mokri was built and destroyed several times in the Middle Ages and it was used for its purpose. In her neighbourhood is nekrepola with stećak,which are present elsewhere. There number and size indicate that this region was (from 12th till 15th century) has been very populated and rich[citation needed]. From that period on Kočerin was kept the longest tablet on stećak written with Bosnian Cyrillic, known as Kočerinska ploča („Kočerin tablet“). The residues of middle-age fort can be found in the Bork, close to the source of river Lištica.

Ottoman rule
After the Turkish conquest in the middle of 15th century the population was mainly rural and in the mountains.

Until the middle of 19th century, Herzegovina was cut off from social, cultural and political events in other European countries.